Famous Mining Sites

Beautiful diamonds and gold can be found anywhere in the world. However, the best and most beautiful diamonds and gold come from mines situated in volcanic and tropical climates.

Diamond mining is a complicated process and involves many steps. For the average person, a diamond is a sparkly rock, but for those who understand the work and effort that went into finding that diamond, it is so much more. Diamonds take years to go from the mine to a jewelry store and it’s all thanks to dedicated miners and geologists.

Gold’s value is currently at a high point, with natural gold growing scarcer and scarcer. Many people have begun to melt down old gold pieces to create new pieces. Finding gold-rich areas is like finding a gold mine. These mines are some of the most plentiful in the world, but are currently unsung heroes.


Vatukoula is the largest producing gold mine in Fiji and has been in operation since 1933. Located ten miles inland of Fiji’s main island, the mine is at the base of the hills of the Tavua Crater. The mine has produced over seven million ounces of gold in its seventy-five years of operation. The mine saw a brief hiatus and change in management in 2006 but is currently thriving under new management.

Currently, the mine has 4.1 million ounces of mineral resources and 858,000 ounces of mineral reserves. The mine currently features an open pit and an underground mine but will eventually be only an underground mine Vatukoula has three operating shafts. The current target rate of production is predicted to be sustainable and profitable.

The mine operates under four key strategies: expand, sustain, optimize, and grow. Using advanced technologies and a strong management team, the Vatukoula mine is swiftly becoming the most successful gold mine in the world. The Vatukoula mine is also known as The Emperor Mine.


The Panguma area spans 5,400 hectares in eastern Sierra Leone. Panguma adjoins the Tongo diamond field. In the past, the Tongo diamond field has produced $2.75 billion diamonds. Panguma has experienced little mining in the last 40 years, despite its proximity to the diamond field. In the 1960’s, diamondiferous dikes extending from Tongo were discovered in Panguma. After land concession in 2006, Panguma became viable for diamond mining.

Currently, River Diamonds is awaiting the renewal of an exploration license to continue exploring the two kimberlite dike system, with a third exploration target in Panguma using mapping, trenching, and bulk sampling. The dikes are narrow, but rich, producing diamonds of gem quality. Combined, the infrared resources are of 4.5 million carats.

Rio Novo

Located in the beautiful Tapajos gold province of central Brazil. The massive area spans four claims over 30,000 hectares. Currently, little is known about the geology of the Rio Novo areas due to poor access points and weather restrictions. Satellite imagery has been used to locate some alluvial gold but does not provide enough detail to be used as a mapping tool.

Much of the focus on the Rio Novo project has been on a prospect called Jau. Jau has shown to be plentiful in mineral deposits, quartz, and some gold mineralization. Rio Novo has rich Amazonian soil, which a good sign for mineral deposits and gold. In years to come, Rio Novo will prove to be a bountiful gold mine.

Kao Diamond Project

The Kao Diamond Project is located in Lesotho, South Africa. The Kao Diamond Project is the fourth largest mine in the country, at 19.8 hectares. The Kao kimberlite pipe is the largest diamond-bearing pipe in Lesotho.

The 147 million ton pipe contains over 10.19 million carats of diamond kimberlite. It is an open pit mine and alluvial mining is primarily used. River Diamonds owns a .046% share in Kao Diamond Project’s holding company, Global Diamond Resources. The diamonds of Kao are exceptional: 23ct pink diamonds, 35 carats yellow, and 51-carat yellow diamonds.

These incredible mines will produce the heirlooms of the future. Mining technology has come a long way since the early days of the gold rush, although similar methods can still be used. Worldwide, diamond mining methods are changing. So, a “mine” might not always be a mine. It could be an ocean or an expanse of lush tropical forest.

Simply put, mining is changing but the beautiful results are not. The diamond and gold mines of the world are still waiting to be discovered, but these four are already sharing their bounty with us.